Meningitis is a serious inflammation of the meninges, the thin, membranous covering of the brain and the spinal cord. Meningitis is most commonly caused by infection (by bacteria, viruses, or fungi), although it can also be caused by bleeding into the meninges, cancer, diseases of the immune system, and an inflammatory response to certain types of chemotherapy or other chemical agents. The most serious and difficult-to-treat types of meningitis tend to be those caused by bacteria. In some cases, meningitis can be a potentially fatal condition.
- Neonates—E coli, group B streptococcus.
- Infants—Streptococcus agalactidae, E coli, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Listeria monocytogenes, Citrobacter diversus.
- Children—H influenzae, S pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis.
- Adolescents—Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae.
- Elderly—Streptococcus pneumoniae, Listeria monocytogenes.
For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people.
- Mental status changes
- Fever and chills
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
- Severe headache
- Stiff neck (meningismus)
- Other symptoms that can occur with this disease:
- Bulging fontanelles in babies
- Decreased alertness
- Poor feeding or irritability in children
- Rapid breathing
How is meningitis diagnosed?
Early diagnosis and treatment are very important. If symptoms occur, the patient should see a doctor immediately. The diagnosis is usually made by growing bacteria from a sample of spinal fluid. The spinal fluid is obtained by performing a spinal tap, in which a needle is inserted into an area in the lower back where fluid in the spinal canal is readily accessible. Identification of the type of bacteria responsible is important for selection of correct antibiotics.
Bacterial meningitis can be treated with a number of effective antibiotics. It is important, however, that treatment be started early in the course of the disease.
Vancoplus offers following benefits in Meningitis & CNS infections:-
- Synergistic action
- Decreases the virulence of bacteria
- Safe with lesser toxicity
- Broad spectrum coverage
- Minimize the chances of resistance
- Excellent clinical & bacteriological cure rate
- Reduces hospitalization
- Empiric therapy for meningitis and CNS infections
- More than 115000 patients treated so far
- Patented world wide